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桥式起重机

浅谈桥式起重机的节能优化途径

远华起重 时间:2014-07-25
摘要:浅谈桥式起重机的节能优化途径....……
1可以考虑降低桥式起重机的自身质量,而降低桥式起重机的自身质量的措施可以考虑降低起升机构的质量。这样既减少了自身资料的消耗,同时也减少的厂房机构的负荷。
1 can be considered to reduce the crane itself quality, and reduce the crane itself quality measures can be considered to reduce the weight of lift mechanism. This will not only reduce the material consumption, building institutions also reduce the load.
具体的措施如下:桥式起重机采用高质量的电动机、减速器;我国相同容量的电动机质量比德国的多三分之一左右,减速器的材质,加工工艺等等都还存在严重的缺乏,需要从各个环节分割攻破,才解解根本问题。改善卷筒形式;可以考虑采用大直径卷筒,通过上面的分析。增加容绳量,减小起重小车尺寸和质量。但需采用螺旋伞齿轮传动增加减速比,制造难度大很多。
The following measures: the use of high quality motor, reducer; about one motor quality country the same capacity than German many threes, reducer material, processing technology and so on are also exists serious lack, need to split the break from each link, the fundamental problem is the solution. Improvement in roll form; can consider using a large diameter roller, through the analysis of the above. Rope capacity increase, reduce the size and quality of the crane trolley. But be used spiral bevel gear drive increased reduction ratio, large manufacture difficulty many.
2对控制系统进行改进。调速系统改为变频调速系统;变频调速系统不只效率高,而且节能效果比较好。改善起重机驱动方式;驱动可节能60%左右。
Improve automobile crane drive mode; automobile crane, off separately engine driven around 60% energy saving. 3 using the new theory, new technology, new material, new technology, new method. Can consider the use of new materials; such as the use of high-strength nylon instead of cast iron or steel, not only can prolong life, but also can reduce the noise.
3桥式起重机采用新理论、新技术、新材料、新工艺、新方式。可以考虑采用新材料;如用高强尼龙代替铸铁或钢,不只能够延长寿命,而且还能减少噪声等。尽量采用H型钢代替板材,同样可以节约结构资料的消耗,而且抗弯能力还能得到一定提高。采用新工艺;比方,改善涂装工艺,可以很好捉高油漆防腐质量。采用新方式;远华采用先进的设计理论,使结构优化,降低结构自重。
Can consider the use of new materials; such as the use of high-strength nylon instead of cast iron or steel, not only can prolong life, but also can reduce the noise. As far as possible the use of H type steel instead of plate, also can save the data structure of consumption, and the flexural capacity can be improved. The adoption of new technology; for example, to improve the coating process, can be very good to catch high anti-corrosion paint quality. The adoption of new technology; for example, to improve the coating process, can be very good to catch high anti-corrosion paint quality. In adopting new ways; country due to the auto directory restrictions, making the truck crane must declare the car it, quite difficult, need the government to solve the coordination ability, and the foreign is not. Adopting advanced design theory, the structure optimization, reduce the structure weight.
4可以加强日常维护颐养,从而延长起重机的使用寿命。日常的颐养工作往往会被人们所忽视,因此我更应该努力改进我缺乏之处,以便达到节能的目的及我国起重机械在节能方面存在问题,必需一步步来,脚踏实地的慢慢的从头一步步的实施。同时起重机械的节能问题,不只是要求,也是国家的当今可持续发展的政策,更加关乎我国的未来。
4 can strengthen the daily maintenance, thereby prolonging the service life of crane. The daily maintenance work tends to be ignored by people, so I should be more efforts to improve my shortcomings, in order to achieve energy saving problems in crane energy saving and our country, must step by step, stand on solid ground slowly from the step by step implementation. At the same time, energy saving and lifting machinery, not only the requirements, as well as the country's sustainable development policy, more related to our future.
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